1. Nepal Earthquake Housing Reconstruction Project (EHRP) (IDA - 6164, IDA - 6530)
Nepal’s apex institution to manage disaster risk reduction and management, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority (NDRRMA) was established on 16 December 2019 under the Ministry of Home Affairs, along with the appointment of the Chief Executive. The primary responsibility of NDRRMA is to operate and manage activities related to disaster management effectively. NDRRMA functions under direct oversight and control of and as secretariat to Council headed by Prime minister and Executive Committee headed by the Home Minister. NDRRMA performs the functions and duties relating to disaster risk reduction and management in coordination with the Council, Executive Committee, concerned ministries, and other agencies of the Government of Nepal.
NDRRMA has received credit from the International Development Association (IDA), World Bank
to implement EHRP (P155969, 6530-NP) with an objective to enhance Nepal's ability to improve
long-term disaster resilience.
The development objective of the Earthquake Housing Reconstruction Project for Nepal is to restore affected houses with multi-hazard resistant core housing units in targeted areas and to enhance the government's ability to improve long term disaster resilience. The project comprises of four components. The first component, housing reconstruction will finance: (a) the provision of housing grants for reconstruction of approximately 55,000 multi-hazard resilient core housing units; and (b) the establishment of a program of owner-driven housing reconstruction in targeted areas. The second component, disaster risk management systems objective is to support the Government of Nepal (GoN) in putting in place systems to provide better disaster risk reduction, preparedness, and disaster response, in line with global best practices. The third component, project implementation support will finance the establishment and operation of the project management unit (PMU), the project implementing units (PIUs), and the district-level PIUs (DL-PIUs). The fourth component, contingency emergency response will draw resources from the unallocated expenditure category and or allow the GoN to request the Bank to re-categorize and reallocate financing from other project components to partially cover emergency response and recovery costs.
* The project abstract is drawn from the PAD, SAR or PGD and may not accurately reflect the project's current nature
Reconstruction in progress in Dhading District of Nepal - Photo Rajendra Malla
Project Description: The project aims to restore affected houses with multi-hazard resistant core housing units in targeted areas and to enhance the government's ability to improve long term disaster resilience.
The project comprises four components outlined below:
Component 1: Housing Reconstruction- US$ 718.90 million2 The first component of finances:
Component 2: Disaster Risk Management Systems - US$15million
Component 3: Project Implementation Support - US$15.5million
Component 4: Contingency Emergency Response - US$0 million
- Central Level Project Implementation Unit Building and Housing of DUDBC
- Management Authority (NDRRMA)
The Multi-Donor Trust Fund is administered by the World Bank, and was initially established with the support of the US Agency for International Development (USAID), the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), and the Government of Canada, Following the close of the MDTF’s first reporting period, the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID) joined the MDTF in November 2016.
The majority of funds raised under the MDTF are going directly towards co-financing the World Bank’s Earthquake Housing Reconstruction Project (EHRP), which will contribute to the restoration of around 240,000 of the total housing reconstruction needs in Nepal, while providing the technical assistance for the entire government housing reconstruction program.
The MDTF partners are working closely with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and Government of India (GOI), who are also a direct contributor to the government’s housing reconstruction program. The MDTF team also works with the United Nations, other donors, and local and international NGOs.
The Nepal Earthquake Housing Reconstruction Program Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) has a flexible governance structure, allowing for adjustments based on changing needs on the ground.
The advantages of this multi-donor approach include, among others:
- Reduced transaction costs for the Government of Nepal and donors by working through a single funding facility;
- Increased harmonization of reconstruction by pooling resources in support of the Government’s Housing Reconstruction Plan;
- Increased efficiency through reduced duplication of efforts among partners; and
- Enhanced transparency and accountability
- National Disaster Risk Reduction And Management Authority (NDRRMA)
Component 1: Housing Reconstruction: (Cost $10.00 M)
Component 2: Disaster Risk Management Systems: (Cost $5.00 M)